Chinese Writer Cements a Legacy

Roland Soong’s only memory of Eileen Chang, one of modern China’s most celebrated novelists, was when she stayed at his family home in Hong Kong in the early 1960s. “I was 12,” Mr. Soong said. “Eileen Chang took over my room, which was located off the kitchen, and I had to sleep on the sofa in the living room, which was filled with mosquitoes. She didn’t pay attention to me or talk to anyone. She locked herself away to work.”

In 1962, the enigmatic writer left for the United States, and the Soongs never saw her again. She died as a recluse in California in 1995, at the age of 74. Today, the boy who was once barely a footnote in Chang’s life is the executor of her works and the greatest promoter of her legacy, which was almost lost in the turmoil of 20th-century China.

Mr. Soong, 61 and the blogger behind the popular site EastSouthWestNorth, still lives in the apartment he once shared with Chang, his parents, his sister, his grandmother and two servants. It was there that he discovered “boxes and boxes, dressers and dressers” of neglected documents sent to the family after Chang’s death. His father, Stephen Soong, was her literary agent.

“It was like searching through an avalanche,” he said. Among the papers he unearthed were several unpublished works that he is now making public.

“Small Reunions,” a Chinese-language novel written in 1976, was released last year and has sold nearly a million copies in China. “The Private Sayings of Eileen Chang,” a collection of notes and correspondence, was released at the Hong Kong Book Fair in July.

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Two English-language novels from the 1960s, “The Fall of the Pagoda” and “The Book of Change,” were published by Hong Kong University Press this year. Chinese-language translations were released in Taiwan and Hong Kong last month. Chang is probably best known for “Love in a Fallen City,” and the short story that was transformed into Ang Lee’s sex-filled spy film “Lust, Caution” in 2007. But she was regarded as a literary giant long before.

Her New York Times obituary quoted Dominic Cheung of the University of Southern California as saying that, had it not been for politics, Chang would have almost certainly won a Nobel Prize in Literature.

Restricted in her homeland, she moved to the United States hoping to break through internationally, but she could not arouse the interest of publishers there.

“These manuscripts were meant to be her calling card,” Michael Duckworth, publisher of Hong Kong University Press, said of the two English-language novels released this year. “But she never made it in the New York publishing scene in the ’60s and ’70s.”

Mr. Duckworth added: “She was not just a brilliant Chinese writer, she also deserves credit as a thoughtful, provocative writer in English. It’s unique that a writer can be dominant in two languages.”

Blocked in China and a failure in the United States, Chang became increasingly isolated. When Chang died, all of her files were sent to Mr. Soong’s parents according to her wishes, even though she had not seen them for three decades. Stephen Soong died a year later and the documents languished in storage. Roland Soong had “no idea” that he would someday become a promoter of Chinese literature. He spent most of his adult life in New York, getting a doctorate in statistics and working for a research company. It was only when he returned to Hong Kong in 2003, after his mother suffered a stroke, that he was approached about making a film from one of Chang’s novellas.


Roland Soong showing photos from Eileen Chang at his home in Hong Kong. Credit Lit Ma for the International Herald Tribune
He acknowledged that he had not read it. “So I dug out a copy of the old story in Chinese,” Mr. Soong said. “The first four pages are about some women playing mah-jongg. And I thought, ‘What kind of film is someone going to make out of this?”’ The result was “Lust, Caution,” a thriller set in wartime Shanghai that was so racy that it was given an NC-17 rating in the United States, which restricts the movie to viewers 18 and older.

“When the film came out, all the fuss was about the three sex scenes,” Mr. Soong said. “But there is no sex in the original. Eileen Chang just glided over those things, hoping that the reader could use his imagination. Ang Lee inserted them, but I can understand, and I think Eileen Chang could have, too. She once worked as a screenwriter.”

The film was reworked for the mainland — the sex scenes were cut. The ending was also changed slightly, to make it more ambiguous that the main character, a Chinese agent assigned to assassinate a Japanese sympathizer, may have betrayed her country.

Chang was not particularly political, but her works were often interpreted as such. “She might not have gone looking for politics, but politics had a way of finding her,” Mr. Soong said.

David Der-wei Wang, an Asia scholar at Harvard, wrote that Chang was “forced to the margins of literary respectability” after the Communists took power in 1949. Before then, she was the most popular writer in Shanghai. She made her debut at 18 when she published an essay, “What a Life! A Girl’s Life!” in an English-language newspaper, telling of how her father locked her in the house and denied her medical treatment.

Many of her works are thinly veiled autobiographies that draw on her family’s glamorous, turbulent life. Characters are based on her free-spirited mother and opium-addict father. Chang’s own life plays out repeatedly, particularly how she escaped her family to attend the University of Hong Kong and how she returned to wartime Shanghai, where she fell in love with a Chinese man suspected of collaborating with the Japanese.

“Strange Country” is about a 1947 trip Chang took to the countryside to visit her husband, who was considered a traitor and in hiding. “Of course it wasn’t published, because she couldn’t tell people where she was,” said Mr. Soong, who published the story in Taiwan and Hong Kong this spring.

“She was accused of being a traitor after World War II,” said Perry Lam, who edits Muse, a magazine here that in 2008 published a Chang short story for the first time. “By Communist standards, she wasn’t politically correct. She wasn’t a nationalist, and patriotism was not a major theme in her works.”

It did not help that her stories, with their opium dens, concubines and bound feet, were considered bourgeois. To make things worse, she did translation and other work for the U.S. Information Service. Her Hong Kong novels of the 1950s, “Naked Earth” and “The Rice Sprout Song,” were tarred as “anti-China and C.I.A.-funded,” Mr. Soong said.

Chang has long been popular in Hong Kong and Taiwan, where there have been films, ballets and other works created in her honor. But it was only in the 1990s that there was a revival of interest in her work in China, partly through unauthorized copies. “In 1980, nobody knew who she was,” Mr. Soong said. “By 2005, she had become one of the top five Chinese authors selling in the mainland.”

In 2003, he went to a major bookstore in Beijing and found what he called “the Eileen Chang special pirated section, with works by 30 different publishers, none of them authorized.” Mr. Soong plans to bring the definitive, complete set of Chang’s works to the Chinese market. But while many of her books have been allowed into mainland China, some are still available only from publishers in Hong Kong and Taiwan.

A vestige of the politics that hounded Chang still follows her works today.

“All these issues were left unresolved in her lifetime,” Mr. Soong said. “They were deferred. I could defer it, too, but then what would happen?”





我的图片集叫做LAY。因为英文get laid是个很有深意的词汇,当然人不能满脑子都想着这些,性爱需要有钱做基础,温饱才思……










As an FDA-regulated product, sunscreens must pass certain tests before they are sold. But how you use this product, and what other protective measures you take, make a difference in how well you are able to protect yourself and your family from sunburn, skin cancer, early skin aging and other risks of overexposure to the sun. Some key sun safety tips include:
Limit time in the sun, especially between the hours of 10 a.m. and 2 p.m., when the sun’s rays are most intense.
Wear clothing to cover skin exposed to the sun, such as long-sleeved shirts, pants, sunglasses, and broad-brimmed hats.
Use broad spectrum sunscreens with SPF values of 15 or higher regularly and as directed.
Reapply sunscreen at least every two hours, and more often if you’re sweating or jumping in and out of the water.

Learn more about:
How to apply and store sunscreen
Sunscreen for infants and children
Types of sunscreen
Understanding the sunscreen label
Sun protection factor (SPF)
Sunscreen ingredients
Sunscreen expiration dates
Sunscreens from other countries
Read: Tips to Stay Safe in the Sun: From Sunscreen to Sunglasses
Watch: Videos about sunscreen
Learn: FDA Basics: Practice the art of sun protection
How to apply and store sunscreen

Apply 30 minutes before you go outside. This allows the sunscreen (of SPF 15 or higher) to have enough time to provide the maximum benefit.
Use enough to cover your entire face and body (avoiding the eyes and mouth). An average-sized adult or child needs at least one ounce of sunscreen (about the amount it takes to fill a shot glass) to evenly cover the body from head to toe.
Sunscreen – Wait 15 minutes

Frequently forgotten spots:

Back of neck
Tops of feet
Along the hairline
Areas of the head exposed by balding or thinning hair

Know your skin. Fair-skinned people are likely to absorb more solar energy than dark-skinned people under the same conditions.
Reapply at least every two hours, and more often if you’re swimming or sweating.
There’s no such thing as waterproof sunscreen
People should also be aware that no sunscreens are “waterproof.” All sunscreens eventually wash off. Sunscreens labeled “water resistant” are required to be tested according to the required SPF test procedure. The labels are required to state whether the sunscreen remains effective for 40 minutes or 80 minutes when swimming or sweating, and all sunscreens must provide directions on when to reapply.
Family walking on the beach. Mom says: Boys! You have sunscreen on now, but don’t forget you need to reapply every 2 hours while we’re at the beach. If you’re in and out of the water, we’ll need to reapply more often. Boys say: Ok mom!

Watch: Videos about sunscreen

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Storing your sunscreen

To keep your sunscreen in good condition, the FDA recommends that sunscreen containers should not be exposed to direct sun. Protect the sunscreen by wrapping the containers in towels or keeping them in the shade. Sunscreen containers can also be kept in coolers while outside in the heat for long periods of time. This is why all sunscreen labels must say: “Protect the product in this container from excessive heat and direct sun.”
Read: Tips to Stay Safe in the Sun: From Sunscreen to Sunglasses
Watch: Videos about sunscreen

Sunscreens for infants and children

Sunscreens are not recommended for infants. The FDA recommends that infants be kept out of the sun during the hours of 10 a.m. and 2 p.m., and to use protective clothing if they have to be in the sun. Infants are at greater risk than adults of sunscreen side effects, such as a rash. The best protection for infants is to keep them out of the sun entirely. Ask a doctor before applying sunscreen to children under six months of age.
For children over the age of six months, the FDA recommends using sunscreen as directed on the Drug Facts label.

Read: Should You Put Sunscreen on Infants? Not Usually.

Types of sunscreen

Sunscreen comes in many forms, including:



The directions for using sunscreen products can vary according to their forms. For example, spray sunscreens should never be applied directly to your face. This is just one reason why you should always read the label before using a sunscreen product.
Note: FDA has not authorized the marketing of nonprescription sunscreen products in the form of wipes, towelettes, powders, body washes, or shampoos.

Read: Use Sunscreen Spray? Avoid Open Flame.

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Understanding the sunscreen label

Broad spectrum

Not all sunscreens are broad spectrum, so it is important to look for it on the label. Broad spectrum sunscreen provides protection from the sun’s ultraviolet (UV) radiation. There are two types of UV radiation that you need to protect yourself from – UVA and UVB. Broad spectrum provides protection against both by providing a chemical barrier that absorbs or reflects UV radiation before it can damage the skin.
Sunscreens that are not broad spectrum or that lack an SPF of at least 15 must carry the warning:
“Skin Cancer/Skin Aging Alert: Spending time in the sun increases your risk of skin cancer and early skin aging. This product has been shown only to help prevent sunburn, not skin cancer or early skin aging.”
Sun protection factor (SPF)

Sunscreens are made in a wide range of SPFs.
The SPF value indicates the level of sunburn protection provided by the sunscreen product. All sunscreens are tested to measure the amount of UV radiation exposure it takes to cause sunburn when using a sunscreen compared to how much UV exposure it takes to cause a sunburn when not using a sunscreen. The product is then labeled with the appropriate SPF value. Higher SPF values (up to 50) provide greater sunburn protection. Because SPF values are determined from a test that measures protection against sunburn caused by UVB radiation, SPF values only indicate a sunscreen’s UVB protection.

As of June 2011, sunscreens that pass the broad spectrum test can demonstrate that they also provide UVA protection. Therefore, under the label requirements, for sunscreens labeled “Broad Spectrum SPF [value]”, they will indicate protection from both UVA and UVB radiation.

To get the most protection out of sunscreen, choose one with an SPF of at least 15.

If your skin is fair, you may want a higher SPF of 30 to 50.

There is a popular misconception that SPF relates to time of solar exposure. For example, many people believe that, if they normally get sunburned in one hour, then an SPF 15 sunscreen allows them to stay in the sun for 15 hours (e.g., 15 times longer) without getting sunburn. This is not true because SPF is not directly related to time of solar exposure but to amount of solar exposure.

The sun is stronger in the middle of the day compared to early morning and early evening hours. That means your risk of sunburn is higher at mid-day. Solar intensity is also related to geographic location, with greater solar intensity occurring at lower latitudes.

Sunscreen SPF 15 or higher

Read: The Sun and Your Medicine
Learn: FDA Basics: Practice the art of sun protection

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Sunscreen ingredients

Every drug has active ingredients and inactive ingredients. In the case of sunscreen, active ingredients are the ones that are protecting your skin from the sun’s harmful UV rays. Inactive ingredients are all other ingredients that are not active ingredients, such as water or oil that may be used in formulating sunscreens. Below is a list of acceptable active ingredients in products that are labeled as sunscreen:

Aminobenzoic acid
Menthyl anthranilate
Octyl methoxycinnamate

Octyl salicylate
Padimate O
Phenylbenzimidazole sulfonic acid
Titanium dioxide
Trolamine salicylate
Zinc oxide

Although the protective action of sunscreen products takes place on the surface of the skin, there is evidence that at least some sunscreen active ingredients may be absorbed through the skin and enter the body. This makes it important to perform studies to determine whether, and to what extent, use of sunscreen products as directed may result in unintended, chronic, systemic exposure to sunscreen active ingredients.
Sunscreen expiration dates

FDA regulations require all sunscreens and other nonprescription drugs to have an expiration date unless stability testing conducted by the manufacturer has shown that the product will remain stable for at least three years. That means, a sunscreen product that doesn’t have an expiration date should be considered expired three years after purchase.
To make sure that your sunscreen is providing the sun protection promised in its labeling, the FDA recommends that you do not use sunscreen products that have passed their expiration date (if there is one), or that have no expiration date and were not purchased within the last three years. Expired sunscreens should be discarded because there is no assurance that they remain safe and fully effective.

Read: Don’t Be Tempted to Use Expired Medicine
Read: How to dispose of the outdated drugs

Sunscreens from other countries

In Europe and in some other countries, sunscreens are regulated as cosmetics, not as drugs, and are subject to different marketing requirements. Any sunscreen sold in the United States is regulated as a drug because it makes a drug claim – to help prevent sunburn or to decrease the risks of skin cancer and early skin aging caused by the sun.
If you purchase a sunscreen outside the United States, it is important to read the label to understand the instructions for use and any potential differences between the product and U.S. products.

Read: From our perspective: Helping to ensure the safety and effectiveness of sunscreens
Learn: FDA’s sunscreen guidance outlines safety and effectiveness data recommended for additional active ingredients


你一定记得,我写在纸上的那句“Je t’amie”,也许不记得。夏日的晚风吹过我的耳边,在我的耳机里,放着歌,正好唱到……“So I heard you found somebody else, And at first, I thought it was a lie.”

But it wasn’t a lie. 夜幕下的远方,高速公路上的车灯照亮的公路,来来往往,像划过的火柴轨迹,只是黑夜里,只有黑色的天空而已,火柴照不亮不该照亮的天空。人的爱温暖不了衣柜里黑暗的角落,不管多想靠近那个角落。






























我对你的爱是平淡是疯狂——观电影《我的国王Mon Roi》






我看到IMDb上有一个电影评论的标题写着”Great film_The price we pay for love”




You the only man that’s ever touched me.——观电影《月光男孩》

You the only man that’s ever touched me.
You’re the only one.
I haven’t really touched anyone since.


not match

但对于小黑来说,你是我的only one
Don’t look at me.




3.努力 VS 天赋,努力会取得胜利
(回答者1的作者是:Othman AL-Khawaja。这个答案的英文原文贴在下方,有部分没有采用与翻译,因为比较通俗,因此在此说明备注。)


回答者2:请问你能解答“1+1= ?”这个问题吗?

聪明先生(Mr. Intelligent)答道:当然可以,答案是2.小事一桩,我有100种方式证明给你看。(开始把答案和证明写出来)

机灵先生(Mr. Clever)答道:答案是2,如果你想知道为什么,我很乐意介绍我的朋友“聪明先生”,他会用100种方式证明给你看。

智慧先生(Mr. Wise)(他想到自己并不需要去解答这个问题<从他个人的情形来想>,因此只是简单的离开了。)

聪明先生(Mr. Intelligent)用他自己的所拥有的能力来解决问题。

机灵先生(Mr. Clever)用他身边所拥有的资源来解决问题。

智慧先生(Mr. Wise)选择正确的问题来解决(取决于他自己所处的情形(situation))


(回答者2的作者是:Dylan Woon)

问题1(英文):What are the lessons people most often learn too late in life?

回答1(英文):Othman AL-Khawaja, Execution Manager at Mental Links Foundation

Don’t have trust in people; most of people who over trust, learn not to do that in the hard way .

Don’t be overly kind with people; people deal with over kind people with suspicion .

Before watching any movie, search on it on “IMDb”. if it was rated under ’6’ , don’t watch it .

Hard worker vs talented; hard worker wins.

If you liked somebody’s perfume, tell him/her .

For men , take care of your shoes and perfume, more than your clothes.

For women, take care of your clothes, more than perfume.

All the elders wish they spent more time with their beloved ones , don’t let yourself regret that one.

Tell your mom that you love her, every single day.

Wake up early.

Spend time with yourself.

Build a high self esteem, and be humble .

The less you care of what people think, the more you live happy.

having a fewer friends allows you to have deeper friendships.

Take care of your thoughts, it may crush you down.

Stop chasing and impressing the opposite sex (or the same sex).

Don’t be materialistic.

Expect nothing from anyone.

Don’t only learn from success stories, learn from failure stories “why did they fail’? Find it and learn from it.

Do point number 9.

问题2(英文)What is the difference between being wise, intelligent, and clever?

回答2(英文)Can you solve “1 + 1 = x”?

Mr. Intelligent: Sure, why not? It’s 2. Piece of cake. I have a hundred ways to prove it to you. Let me show you all of them. *starts writing and drawing on the board*

Mr. Clever: It’s 2. If you want to understand why, I’ll gladly bring you to my friend, Mr. Intelligent. He’ll prove it to you using a hundred ways.

Mr. Wise: He understands that he has no need to solve this question (according to his personal situation) and simply moves on.

An intelligent person utilizes his mental capacity to solve problems.

A clever person uses resources around him to solve problems.

A wise man picks the right problem according to his personal situation.

You can have a combination of these qualities.